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Types of Federalism

cooperative federalism

Cooperative federalism is a form of government in which states and the national government share policy assignments and powers. In addition, they can share financial responsibility, blame for failed programs, and administration logistics.

dual federalism

Dual federalism is a government system in which the national government and the states each have their own specific areas of power and rule unquestioned within them. It is the opposite of cooperative federalism.

horizontal federalism

State governments employ horizontal federalism when dealing with issues, activities, and policies that require them to interact with each other. The Constitution sets out three main rules that states must follow when using horizontal federalism: they must observe the full faith and credit clause, they must give to other states' citizens the benefits their own citizens receive, and they must comply with extradition procedures.

regulated federalism

Regulated federalism is a form of federalism in which Congress enforces legislation on states, demanding they meet national standards. Some oppose the implementation of national standards on the basis that the federal government does not always share the same values or concerns as individual states.


From: "Forms of Federalism." American Government,ABC-CLIO, 2016, 

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